Most people enjoy a day at the beach or pool, where the heat of the sun kisses their cheeks. While a little sun provides so much needed vitamin D, too much is not good for anyone. And if you are pregnant, the risks increase.
In addition to the risks of skin cancer, pregnant women have other risks to consider if they spend too much time in the sun. These risks include everything from easier burning to dehydration to depletion of folate deposits.
When you are pregnant, elevated hormone levels running through your body does his skin is they become more sensitive and burn more easily in the sun. In fact, your pigment-producing cells – you know the ones that give you a tan – are in excess, making your skin more susceptible to discoloration when exposed to the sun’s UV rays. Instead of tanning, you may end up with a lot of freckles or even melasma, which are gray-brown spots that are often found on the cheeks. Combine this with the fact that pregnancy disrupts the immune system and you can see why the risk of developing skin cancer increases when you are pregnant if you do not take precautions.
Sunbathing can also drain fluids from your body, causing you to become dehydrated and overheated. This lack of fluids can cause excessive stress, which in turn could lead to premature contractions . Also, when your body overheats, the core temperature rises, which could cause birth defects.
And finally, the sun’s ultraviolet rays can degrade folic acid in the body, reducing the chance of birth defects. This is risky for the baby’s neurological development, especially in the first few Pregnant in 12 weeks.
Take precautions in the sun
Despite the risks, many women simply cannot avoid sitting in the sun. Don’t despair if this is your situation. As long as you take precautions, you should feel good. Even if you go on a picnic outside for only about an hour, you need to be careful and take steps to protect your skin. Here are some tips on how to protect yourself and your unborn baby from excessive sun exposure.
Use sunscreen as a last resort
According to the Environmental Working Group, a non-profit organization that evaluates the effectiveness of sunscreens, you should use them as a last line of defense to protect your skin. Instead, you should start by covering your body. This includes wearing a hat, sunglasses and light clothing that protects your skin from the sun’s rays. Then apply sunscreen as the final protective barrier.
Bring plenty of water
You can keep your body cool and you can avoid overheating by consuming a lot of water. This will also help you stay hydrated. Remember, you don’t want your core temperature to rise. And the best way to stay calm if you are outdoors, it is to continue drinking water. You can also bring a battery-operated fan to keep your body cool, especially if it’s an extremely hot day.
Avoid the sun during peak hours
If possible, try to stay out of the sun between 10:00 and 14:00, when the sun’s rays are stronger. Remember, the sun’s rays are dangerous even for the healthiest pregnant women. As a result, many doctors advise not to sunbathe. If you find that you need to be in the sun, try creating a shade for yourself and your unborn baby with a large, oversized umbrella.
Cover your belly
Yes, it is true that many pregnant celebrities take pictures with the swellings of babies dressed in bikinis on the beach. But realistically, the smartest option is a one-piece tankini or maternity swimsuit. Because the bulging belly catches rays from all angles, there is a higher risk of sunburn. Also, if you don’t want to black line , or the load line flowing up and down the belly, darkens, you may want to cover it.
Choose sunscreen wisely
The effect of the sun’s ultraviolet rays on a person’s skin is well documented. In addition to the potential for skin cancer, these harmful rays can also cause sun spots and premature aging. As a result, sunscreens are often the best option to block these harmful rays. But how safe are these sunscreen products for pregnant women?
Sunscreens generally block UV rays by including one of three ingredients: oxybenzone, zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. Of these three ingredients, oxybenzone is the ingredient that pregnant women want to avoid. Unlike zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which are found on the top of the skin, oxybenzone is absorbed into the skin and is often used to help other chemicals be absorbed into the skin, which eventually reach the bloodstream. .
Dangers of oxybenzone
According to him Environmental working group , many sunscreens, body lotions, lip balms and lipsticks contain a dangerous chemical known as oxybenzone. Even some perfumes and hair conditioners contain oxybenzone. Not only has oxybenzone been linked to allergies, but it is also known to damage cells and disrupt hormones. However, it is widespread in various skin care products, including sunscreen products.
In fact, the Centers for Disease Control conducted a study in which they found traces of oxybenzone in 97% of participants. Moreover, women and girls had the highest concentrations, probably because they use skin care products more often than men and boys. Therefore, you should avoid any product that contains oxybenzone, especially during pregnancy. Here are some tips for choosing sunscreen during pregnancy.
Read each label
As mentioned above, you need to make sure that sunscreen does not include oxybenzone on your back. This chemical, which is easily absorbed into the skin, has been linked to low levels Weight at birth . It is also a risk factor for coronary heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes and other diseases. Oxybenzone is also known to interfere with hormones in the body, which in turn can cause problems of INCREASE in unborn babies.
Opt for lotions instead of sprays
The International Agency for Research on Carcinogens has indicated that titanium dioxide is a potential carcinogen when inhaled in large doses. For this reason, the Working Group on the Environment suggests that pregnant women (and everyone else) avoid spraying. Sprays also make it easier to lose a place or apply too little sunscreen.
Understand SPF labels
It is tempting to let a very high FPS give you a false sense of security. For example, SPF 30 blocks 97% of the sun’s rays and SPF 50 blocks 98%. So, don’t think that just because you wear SPF 100 you are fully protected. Whatever SPF you choose, you should apply it again at least every two hours or more if a lot of water comes in and out of the water.
You’re sunburned, now what?
Just like when selecting sunscreen, pregnant women should pay attention to what they put on their skin to treat sunburn. For example, many products used to treat sunburn contain lidocaine, which is a local anesthetic that numbs and cools the skin. Unfortunately, it is best to stay away from any product that contains this ingredient during pregnancy. Of course, the best way to treat sunburn is to avoid burning yourself at all. But mistakes do happen, and if you’re dealing with a burn, we hope you’ll find some relief in the suggestions below.
Take a cold bath or shower
Remember, your skin hurts because it has been burned and overheated. As a result, you can find short-term relief by taking a cold bath or taking a cold shower. Although it will not make the pain go away indefinitely, it will give you short-term relief.
Apply Aloe Vera
Pure aloe vera oil or gel works wonders for sunburn. And, if you keep it in the fridge until you need it, it will give you extra cool relief. You can also consider purchasing an aloe vera plant and harvesting the oily substance directly from the plant. This plant is not only ideal for treating sunburn, but is also ideal for any type of burn or skin irritation.
Add something extra to the bathroom
Some dermatologists recommend adding a small amount of apple cider vinegar to a cold bath. When added to cold water, vinegar acts as an astringent to soothe sunburn. Meanwhile, others recommend adding oatmeal to soothe the burn.
Remember that sunburns are usually only superficial. Therefore, your unborn baby is not likely to be affected by the burn. However, other aspects of prolonged sun exposure could cause problems such as overheating or dehydration. Finally, fever is rare in recovery from a sunburn, but if you have a fever of 100 or higher, you should consult your doctor. Otherwise, rest and let your skin heal and avoid any additional sun exposure until you are fully recovered.
A word from Verywell
Remember, you don’t have to stay home all the time just because you’re pregnant. It is absolutely necessary to go out and enjoy the sun and fresh air. Just make the right decisions and take precautions to protect your skin and fetus. But of course, relax and have some fun.