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Stages of development of the 14-year-old child

Stages of development of the 14-year-old child

Fourteen can be a fundamental age. While some 14-year-olds are starting to take the path to becoming responsible and healthy adults, others are starting to rebel and mingle with the wrong people. It is an important time to make sure that you give your child a lot of guidance and help him acquire the skills he needs for a successful future.

Developing physical

Most 14-year-olds have arrived puberty at 14 years old. Both boys and girls tend to have pubic and armpit hair at this time.

Most women begin their menstrual periods and experience breast development. The boys experienced enlarged testicles and enlarged penises. Some of them may experience nocturnal emissions (wet dreams) for the first time.

Their changing bodies can be a source of pride or concern. Some teenagers may be proud of their adult body, while others may feel it embarrassed or confused by the changes they experiment.

Children who reach puberty later, they are more likely to feel bad about themselves. They may have problems with body image because they are likely to compare themselves to their peers.

Girls may also experience body image problems. It is common for them to worry about their weight and appearance.

Key landmarks

  • It can grow a few inches in a few months, followed by a period of very slow growth.
  • Appearance changes occur at different speeds, which can be very worrying.
  • Show a wide range of sexual maturity between the sexes and within gender groups

Tips for parents

Your 14-year-old can be hungry most of the time. Fill the house with healthy snacks and serve nutritious meals. Reduce body image problems by talking about health rather than weight.

Emotional development

Fourteen-year-olds often begin to believe that they know everything. So, don’t be surprised if your teenager wants to argue with you about anything or if you insist that you have no idea what you’re talking about.

Most teens experience large fluctuations in self-esteem. They may feel good about themselves one day and feel extremely inadequate.

Although mood swings may still be common at the age of 14, they are generally less intense than in the past. Many 14-year-olds become calmer as they mature.

In general, they have developed the skills they need to cope with uncomfortable emotions in a healthy way. They can rely on their own strategies, such as journaling or listening to music, or they can call on friends for assistance.

It is normal for parents of 14-year-olds to be embarrassed. They may not want their parents to take them to a dance or sports event. Or they may insist that their parents embarrass them when they meet friends.

Key landmarks

  • Overall happy and calm
  • Recognize your own strengths and weaknesses.
  • Shamed by his parents

Tips for parents

Your 14-year-old may insist that his rules are too strict or that he expects too much from them. Make it clear that they have some control over their privileges. Assign homework and wait for them to do their homework. Make sure your privileges depend on getting things done.

Social development

It is normal for 14-year-olds to no longer trust their parents. Instead, they are more likely to turn to their friends and seek advice from their colleagues. For many families, greater independence means a major change in the relationship between parents and children.

Fourteen-year-olds want to be accepted by their high school classmates. Individuality is not as important as being part of the group.

Your teen may be upset if he doesn’t feel fit. It could affect your self-confidence and you could risk seeking support from sick people if you can’t find a healthy place to be. .

Many 14-year-olds develop an interest in enter into romantic relationships . They can be in love or consider themselves in a relationship.

Key landmarks

  • A strong interest in romantic relationships
  • Eager to satisfy
  • It has a wide social circle, which includes friends of both sexes.

Tips for parents

Show interest in your teen’s activities. Ask questions that go beyond «yes» or «no» to open the door to deeper conversations. Instead of asking «How was your day?» asks «What was the best part of your day?» and ask about the teenager’s opinions and interests.

Cognitive development

Most 14-year-olds consider justice and equality important issues. They are prepared for long-term experiences and their interests are less fleeting.

They often want to explore the world beyond their own community and are interested in learning what exists beyond their school, hometown or country.

Speech and language

Sometimes your 14-year-old may seem less talkative. But this can be part of normal development as the teenager begins solve problems and dealing with emotions alone.

Your teen may prefer to stay in electronic communication with his or her friends. Text and social media are often very important at this age.

Most 14-year-olds make their preferences known. They often have favorite books and, depending on how much they read, can have a large vocabulary.


The game for a 14-year-old can include anything from video games to watching sporting events with friends. They probably like to make plans with their friends and spend time together working on goal-oriented projects with their friends.

Key landmarks

  • Focus on the future
  • Start setting personal goals
  • It can challenge the hypotheses and solutions presented by adults.

Tips for parents

Respect your teenager’s opinions even when you don’t agree with them. Show interest in learning more about what shaped their ideas and why they have certain beliefs. Teenagers often just want to know that someone is listening to them.

Other landmarks

Many 14-year-olds show a keen interest in earning money, but usually cannot get a formal job. You can help your teen find strange jobs to earn money, such as lawn mowing or childcare.

By the age of 14, teenagers should be able to do everything basic tasks that you do at home. You might consider paying your child to do jobs that someone else might pay for, such as mowing the lawn or washing the car. Paying your teen can be a great way to start teaching valuable life lessons about money.

When to worry

All teenagers develop at slightly different rates. So while some 14-year-olds will look and act more like adults, others may still seem quite childish. There is usually no cause for concern, as children will catch up in the near future.

However, if you are concerned about your teen’s immaturity, it is important to talk to your child’s doctor. A doctor can rule out any physical or mental health problems and can refer the child to a specialist, if necessary.

Eating disorders can also develop during adolescence. Follow your teen’s eating habits. Omission of meals, cleaning and strict diet are red flags that could indicate that your teen needs professional help.

A word from Verywell

The age of 14 is a good time to make sure your child has the skills he or she needs to become an adult. Be determined to teach them life skills and give them opportunities to practice on their own.

Keep in mind that raising a 14-year-old can be a little disturbing at times, and sometimes you may feel that you have taken a step forward and two steps in your teen’s progress. But in general, your teen should show that he or she can take on more responsibility as he or she approaches. fifteen years .