Know Minimum and recommended hardware requirements for installing Windows 10 Pro, Home, Enterprise or Education on a computer or tablet, both 32-bit and 64-bit.
Want to install Windows 10 from USB or DVD? Maybe you have Windows 7 or 8 and want to upgrade to the latest version of this operating system?
If you have a new computer, it definitely has more CPU, RAM and graphics card than is needed for Windows. However, if you have one old computer or laptop, then if you should check that it meets the hardware requirements.
In addition, knowing the specifications can be useful if you want to install Windows 10 in a virtual machine (Virtualbox, VMware, etc.), because you can assign the necessary hardware for the installation.
Minimum requirements for Windows 10
|PROCESSOR:||1 GHz or faster|
|RAM:||1 GB for 32 bits / 2 GB for 64 bits|
|HDD:||16 GB (32 bit) or 32 GB (64 bit) free space|
|Graphics card (GPU):||DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver|
|Screen:||800 × 600|
|internet connection||Recommended for downloading updates. Required for installing Windows 10 editions in S mode.|
Previously, only 20 GB of free disk space was required to install the 64-bit version of Windows 10. However, this changed with the May 2019 update (Windows 10 May 2019 Update).
On the other hand, although these minimum requirements can make the system work normally, it is best to have the recommended hardware to avoid performance issues (slow computer, lack of disk space, etc.).
Recommended requirements for Windows 10
|PROCESSOR:||2 GHz or faster processor|
|RAM:||4 GB or more|
|HDD:||100 GB storage space.|
|Graphics card (GPU):||Intel HD Graphics / Iris Graphics or better with DirectX 9|
|Screen:||1280 × 720 or larger|
With these recommended hardware specifications, Windows 10 will work fine. Remember that the higher the gigahertz (GHz) of the processor and the gigabyte (GB) of RAM, the higher the system performance.
On this Microsoft page, you can see Windows 10 compatible processors.
How to know if my computer meets these requirements
If your PC is currently running a copy of Windows, it is very easy to check its technical specifications.
Check the CPU, RAM and DirectX:
- Press the Windows + R keys
- Write dxdiag and press Enter.
This will open the diagnostic tool and show you the processor (Intel, AMD, etc.), RAM, and DirectX version.
Note that in the case of RAM, its capacity will be displayed in megabytes (MB). But don’t worry, you just need to convert to gigabytes (GB) to know whether or not it meets the minimum or recommended requirements. To do this, you should know that 1 GB = 1024 MB.
Check the graphics card (GPU):
- In the Windows search engine, type «Device Manager» and run the tool
- Find the option Display adapters and click the arrow > To expand.
Here it will show you the graphics card you have. If you see two GPUs, it means that your PC has integrated graphics and a separate dedicated graphics card.
Check the screen resolution:
- Right click on the desktop
- Select the «Display settings» option
- Scroll down to find the screen resolution.
Check the hard disk size:
- Press Windows + E
- Click on «This Team»
- Look at the size of the disks (partitions)
Here it is important to pay attention to Local Disk C, which is where Windows is installed and where you are likely to reinstall Windows 10 Pro, Home, Enterprise LTSC or Education.
Finally, keep in mind that some specific features of the operating system have their own requirements. For example, Windows Hello requires a camera configured for near-infrared (IR) imaging. However, they are not required for Windows 10 installation.