Corporal punishment is a hot topic that is widely debated by experts in the field of parents, psychologists and parents. Fueled by reports of child abuse, many who oppose corporal punishment wonder whether or not it should remain legal and what measures could be taken to reduce incidents of abuse. physical abuse in children .
Corporal punishment includes all types of physical punishment, including knock. , slapping, pinching, pulling, twisting and hitting an object. It may also include forcing a child to consume unpleasant substances such as soap, hot sauce or hot peppers.
In the United States, corporal punishment is legal at the federal level, but state laws vary depending on the types of corporal punishment allowed.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has taken a firm stand against any form of corporal punishment. In 2018, its revised policy on corporal punishment, Effective discipline for raising healthy children , encourages parents and caregivers to use healthy forms of discipline when correcting their children and to refrain from using corporal punishment. Here is an excerpt from their policy.
"La Academia Estadounidense de Pediatría recomienda formas saludables de disciplina, como el refuerzo positivo de los comportamientos apropiados, el establecimiento de límites, la reorientación y el establecimiento de expectativas futuras. La AAP recomienda que los padres no utilicen azotes, golpes, bofetadas, amenazas, insultos, humillaciones, o avergonzar ".
In general, the GPA recommends that parents, schools and carers refrain from using any form of corporal punishment of children, including spanking and clubbing in schools. It also indicates that corporal punishment is ineffective in the long run and leads to negative results.
Teaching children acceptable behaviors, including how to make good decisions and exercise self-control, is an integral part of raising children. However, many parents rely on corporal punishment to achieve these goals.
Moreover, these parents do not intend to harm their children when they use corporal punishment; But instead, you think it’s an effective discipline strategy. The problem is that corporal punishment is generally more harmful than useful. Here are some surprising facts about corporal punishment that every parent should know about.
It aggravates behavioral problems
While corporal punishment can lead to immediate compliance, researchers have found that behavioral changes can only be short-term. In fact, studies consistently show that corporal punishment is ineffective in the long run and can even worsen behavioral problems over time. For example, bullied children increase aggressive behavior.
A multitude of research studies have found that children who are hit are more likely to hit other people. The reason behind this is simple.
Corporal punishment shapes aggressive behavior, which teaches children to solve problems with violence.
It can also cause bullying , encounter with violence and other problematic behaviors that depend on having power over another person.
Moreover, the collision is no more effective than downtime . In fact, research shows that spanking quickly loses its effectiveness over time. When children are hit, they do not learn to make better decisions. And finally, spanking is no longer an impediment.
Corporal punishment also harms the relationship between children and their parents or caregivers. Confidence, stability, security and protection are the keys to helping children develop the skills they need to manage their behavior. Corporal punishment erodes this relationship and makes it difficult to manage behavior.
Related to mental illness
Research has shown that children who are subjected to corporal punishment, such as hitting, pushing, grabbing and boating, are more likely to develop mental health disorders. In fact, a study published in Pediatrics reported that severe corporal punishment was associated with higher chances of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance abuse and personality disorders. .
Even when corporal punishment was not considered child abuse, researchers found that corporal punishment put children at a higher risk of developing almost all types of mental illness.
Supported by most parents
Despite strong public opposition to spanking, a Harris Poll poll found that 81% of Americans privately support spanking. For example, the survey showed that spankings accept older generations more, with 88% of mature parents, 85% of baby boomers, 82% of Gen X parents and 72% of millennial parents agreeing to corporal punishment . .
Of course, there are many different ways in which parents define corporal punishment. For example, some parents find it acceptable to hit a child’s ass with an open hand, but believe that all other forms of corporal punishment are unacceptable.
Meanwhile, other parents believe any kind of corporal punishment it is appropriate, including giving a child a change, slapping his mouth, twisting his ear, pinching his arm, and so on.
Once implemented in a family, corporal punishment can be a difficult cycle to break. In fact, many parents who use corporal punishment will adhere to this disciplinary strategy when faced with the misbehavior of their children, rather than trying other methods, such as corporal punishment. redirect , time is up and the removal of privileges.
The cycle of violence
Most of the children who have been spanked grow up to be parents who also use corporal punishment.
Allowed in some schools
The GPA has taken a firm stand against corporal punishment in schools, stating that schools should not use any form of corporal punishment. However, despite his statements, boating is still allowed in public schools in 19 US states, mainly in the south.
According to the Office for Civil Rights, 163,333 children were subjected to corporal punishment during the 2011-2012 school year. .
Meanwhile, a study by the American Union for Civil Liberties and Human Rights Watch found that black students and students with disabilities were the most common rowers. Interestingly, states with stricter corporal punishment laws would consider child abuse to hit children with a wooden paddle.
Banned in 53 countries
Many countries have banned all forms of corporal punishment, including beatings. Sweden became the first country to ban corporal punishment in 1979. Since then, other countries, such as Germany and Brazil, have also banned child beatings.
In 2006, the Committee on the Rights of the Child issued a statement stating that corporal punishment is a form of violence that should be banned in all contexts. Other human rights organizations have issued similar warnings about beatings.
Discipline should not be about controlling children. Instead, it should be about teaching them to control themselves. As a result, it is best to use strategies to help children learn from their mistakes while cultivating better decision-making skills. These skills will help you make better decisions in the future.
If you are currently using corporal punishment with your child, we recommend that you consider the possible long-term consequences that corporal punishment could have on your child’s well-being. Instead, consider it alternative discipline strategies this could be more effective. Here are some discipline strategies you can try to implement.
- Remove certain privileges , as electronics, for 24 hours. This will take more than a beating.
- Put a smaller child on time. If your child refuses to walk on time, take a privilege.
- uses refund if your children’s behavior hurts another person. Assign an extra task or ask them to complete a task that helps them fix it.
- deploy logical consequences who teach life lessons. If your children break something, get them to do the housework to earn money to fix it.
- Also, use positive reinforcements to encourage good behavior. For example, set a reward system or a symbolic economy system to help your child address specific behavioral issues.
A word from Verywell
If you are concerned about your children’s behavior or if they do not seem to be responding to your disciplinary strategies, seek professional help. Talk to your pediatrician about the steps you can take to address inappropriate behavior in a healthy way.