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ChkDsk command: what is it for and what can it be used for?

ChkDsk command: what is it for and what can it be used for?

ChkDsk command is short for CheckDisk, which is used to check the condition of your computer’s hard drives and storage space to make sure they are working properly. This is one of the most important and useful commands in Windows and knowing how it works will be very helpful. Below you will find out how to use it and how to interpret all the information it displays.

What are the utilities of the CHKDSK command

CHKDSK command, is primarily responsible for scan, verify, and repair your computer’s storage drives. These can be:

  • Mechanical discs
  • SSD drives
  • USB devices connected

computer hard drive, is one of computer parts that it does more work, so it is necessary to check its operation from time to time. In the same way, it is convenient to make sure that you are at full capacity or that there are no errors that prevent you from working.

What are the parameters that accompany the CHKDSK command?

To use this command effectively, you need to know that you need to accompany it with a few parameters. The parameters are a series of letters or codes that accompany the command and that will help you perform various functions. These are entered from the command prompt screen, which can be accessed by pressing the Windows key + R and typing «cmd».

Thus, the correct syntax to use the command would be as follows:

  • chkdsk [unidad]: / [parámetro]

The drive will refer to the location of the storage drive to be scanned, and the parameter will be the code that will perform a specific command.

parameters that accompany the CHKDSK command are as follows:

Parameters for scanning and checking NTFS disk errors with CHKDSK

The most commonly used parameters are those that scan and check for possible errors in NTFS disks. The most used are the following:

  • chkdsk without any command: will give us information about the disk type or system status, but will not perform any action
  • chkdsk / scan– scans and looks for errors online on NTFS disks
  • chkdsk / spotfix– Used for instant disassembly of a part of the hard disk storage area when problems occurred that were sent to the registry
  • chkdsk / offlinescanandfix: performs an offline analysis to correct possible errors
  • chkdsk / scan / forceofflinefix– Perform an online check of NTFS disks and send errors for offline repairs
  • chkdsk / scan / perf– Uses more system resources for faster scanning, but may slow down the system

Other parameters used with CHKDSK

Others parameters that are generally used with the CHKDSK command are as follows:

  • / F: Fixes disk errors
  • / l– Runs a less extensive check of index entries (NTFS drives only)
  • / r– fixes disk errors and recovers readable information
  • / X: forces the volume to be removed
  • / b: together with the / r parameter (only if the disk is NTFS) it helps to validate the clusters that have disk errors that we want to analyze
  • / c– Check the folder structure omission cycle (NTFS drives only)
  • /?: opens help for using the command

Use the CHKDSK command It requires some knowledge as it provides access to advanced hard drive features. However, by performing this scan and troubleshooting, you will be able to see how your computer works much easier.

Did you know …

The first hard drive was part of an IBM computer system launched in 1956.

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