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1-year-old’s development Highlights Growth and development of your 1-year-old

1-year-old's development Highlights Growth and development of your 1-year-old

During the 12 months between 1 and 2 years, you will see that your baby begins to become less like a baby and more like a small child. You will witness a physical transformation just like you 1 year old child you begin to master new motor skills that help you gain some independence and you will probably begin to see how a unique personality begins to appear.

Illustration by Emily Roberts, Verywell

Physical development

The 12-month marking is likely to reflect some important changes for your baby. In a short time, they will probably go from crawling to walking and, before you know it, they will try to climb the stairs and navigate your house without help.

Key landmarks

  • Gross motor skills Most babies take their first steps before 12 months and go on their own when they are 14 or 15 months old.
  • Fine motor skills – Up to 18 months, your little one will be able to drink from the cup, eat with a spoon and help you undress.
  • The main highlights Between the ages of 1 and 2, you will probably see your child go from walking difficulties to learning to kick a ball and start running.

Tips for parents

Your 1-year-old will not understand which objects are stationary and unsafe to hold. As they begin to learn to walk, folding tables, delicate objects that can break, and stacked objects that can fall can be a danger, so it is important to remove unstable objects that they may be trying to use for balance. Now that I’m on the move, it’s also easier to access different parts of the house, so take a look at baby protection as well. .

Emotional development

Your 1-year-old will start trying for independence in many ways. They may insist on trying to help themselves get dressed and may want to try new physical skills.

But, they are also likely to be hung up and seek your comfort when they feel tired, scared or alone. By the time your child turns 2, they are likely to notice defiant behavior as they insist on doing what they want, even when you say «no.»

Key landmarks

  • Reacts to unknown situations or to people with shyness or nervousness.
  • Copy other people
  • Show fear in some situations.

Tips for parents

Deal with separation anxiety it can be difficult. Avoid «slipping» when your child is not looking, to get rid of a collapse in child care.

Unexpected disappearance can aggravate your child’s long-term anxiety. Instead, kiss her and promise to be back soon. If you say goodbye too much, things will get worse, so try to keep your routine short and reassuring.

Social development

Although you may notice that your 1-year-old becomes a little more cautious around strangers, you will also see an incredible desire to interact with others, especially siblings and regular caregivers. Your child may be happy to see other children.

For the most part, 1-year-olds prefer to play with other children than to play with them. However, you may find that your child begins to include other children in the game at times.

Key landmarks

  • He gives you a book for the time of the story
  • Play games like «peek-a-boo» and «pat-a-cake»
  • Show preference for parents or caregivers.

Tips for parents

Your 1-year-old will not understand what sharing means and may be very possessive of his own toys. Do not insist on sharing with other children.

Instead, give them some objects that are not available to everyone, so that they feel that they have some control over their game.

Cognitive development

You will probably see some major changes when it comes to your child’s cognitive development. Between 12 and 24 months, your baby will probably be able to recognize named objects, such as a cat or dog.

They will also be able to play fantastic simple games and show an improved ability to follow instructions.

Speech and language

By the end of your baby’s first year, you’re probably still relying on nonverbal communication strategies, such as pointing, gesturing, or throwing objects.

But the panting and screaming of the children’s first words will give way to various noises, such as «yes», «ba», «ga» and «ma». Your child will slowly begin to associate them with recognized words, while he understands more what you are saying.

Before the baby’s second birthday, you will probably be able to say simple sentences with two to four words and indicate simple objects when you name them.


The game is important for development A boy at this age. The new dexterity of your 1-year-old will make him eager to investigate nearby objects.

Shaking or hitting musical instruments and playing with toys that have levers, wheels and moving parts are popular at this age. Blocks are always a good option, especially when your child is tearing down a tower they are building together.

When it comes to the best toys for 1 year olds , push toys can be a lot of fun. Look for sturdy objects to help the little one balance while he starts testing new motor skills.

Key landmarks

  • Answer your name
  • Follow very simple instructions and requests
  • Understand «no»

Tips for parents

The best way to help your child develop verbal skills at this age is to talk to him constantly. As you put them on, talk about the color of the clothes, the feel of the fabric, the name of the part of the body you touch.

Name the items you use every day, such as towels, mugs, car, dolls, etc. Try to be consistent and avoid using cheesy names, such as «toesywoesy» for your toes. This «labeling» will help your child learn the names of objects and actions and prepare to speak for themselves.

Other landmarks

Your 1-year-old may become more physically assertive. Children this age do not understand that other people have feelings, so they can hit without realizing that they are hurting another person.

You can support your child’s emerging independence by offering options. Pick up two different toys and let them choose which ones they want to play with.

You’ll probably find that problem-solving skills start to improve as they figure out how to handle toys or how to put a block inside a box. Also, memory skills will start to improve.

When to worry

While all babies develop at slightly different rates, you should talk to your doctor if your child does not reach certain stages or if you notice possible developmental delays .

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that you talk to your doctor if your baby is up to 18 months old:

  • I can not go
  • It is not intended to show things
  • The loss previously had abilities
  • Do not copy others
  • He doesn’t have at least six words
  • He doesn’t win new words
  • You don’t realize or care when a caregiver leaves or returns

A word from Verywell

Your 1-year-old may try to help you when you feed him or insist on trying to wash his hands. They want to participate enthusiastically in everything you try to do. It is an important time to pay attention to what you are modeling, because your child will imitate what he sees.

It can also be a difficult time, because your little one may insist on taking off his shoes dozens of times in a row or may learn to scream to get your attention. But it can also be a great time to watch your child learn new skills every day.